Raymond van Barneveld (born 20 April 1967) is a retired Dutch professional darts player. Nicknamed Barney, he is one of the most successful darts players in history. Van Barneveld is a five-time World Darts Champion (four-time BDO and one-time PDC), a two-time UK Open Champion and a former winner of the Las Vegas Desert Classic, the Grand Slam of Darts and the Premier League. He is also a twice winner of the World Masters and the World Darts Trophy, and a three-time winner of the International Darts League and the WDF World Cup Singles event.


Also accomplished in pairs competition, van Barneveld won the PDC World Cup of Darts four times (once with Co Stompé and three times with Michael van Gerwen) and the WDF World Cup Pairs once (with Vincent van der Voort), all whilst representing the Netherlands. He also won the PDC World Pairs with Roland Scholten.


From January to June 2008, he was the world's number one ranked player. His victory over Phil Taylor in the 2007 PDC World Championship final, added to his four previous BDO World Championships brought him level with Eric Bristow as a five-time world champion; he is one of only three players in darts history to achieve this. He is, along with Michael van Gerwen, one of the most successful Dutch darts players to date, and has had a significant effect in raising the popularity of darts in the Netherlands. He is naturally left-handed but throws darts with his right hand.


In November 2018, Van Barneveld announced his intention to retire from darts after the 2020 PDC World Darts Championship. On 28 March 2019, following a 7–1 defeat to Michael van Gerwen in his final Premier League match, he announced his retirement with immediate effect, but reversed his decision the following day.


Van Barneveld was eliminated in the second round of the 2019 PDC World Darts Championship by Darius Labanauskas. He was invited to the 2019 Premier League Darts, being eliminated after the first phase, having been bottom of the table after nine matches. Following the elimination, Van Barneveld announced his immediate retirement on 28 March, before reversing the decision a day later.


He retired following a 3-1 Darin Young in the first round of the 2020 PDC World Darts Championship, a result he claimed he could "never forgive" himself for.